Core Differences


The Watchtower


The Bible


What are some of the core differences between The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society’s teachings and what the Bible teaches?


What you need to know.


The Watchtower

Teaches About Jesus 


1. Jesus did not eternally exist.


Firstborn of all creation (Col. 1:15) means Jesus… “was God’s first creation.”

[From What Does the Bible Really Teach?” Chapter 4, p. 41]


2. Jesus is Michael the Archangel.


“Michael is none other than Jesus Christ in his heavenly role.”

[From “What Does the Bible Really Teach?” Appendix 11, p. 219]


3. Jesus is not Almighty God.


“Is the firstborn Son equal to God, as some believe? That is not what the Bible teaches.”

[From “What Does the Bible Really Teach?” Chapter 4, p. 41]


4. Jesus did not rise bodily from the dead but was raised as a spirit-creature.


“On the third day after Jesus died, his heavenly Father resurrected him back to spirit life.”

[From "What Does the Bible Really Teach?" Chapter 4, p. 46]


The Bible Teaches

About Jesus 


[Note: Click verses to read Scripture]


1. Jesus existed eternally.

John 1:1; ; Isaiah 9:6 (“Eternal Father” also means “Father of Eternity”); Hebrews 13:8; Colossians 1:17 (Jesus is “before all things.”)


(Note: "Firstborn" does not mean first created in Col. 1:15. It means preeminence. E.g. God calls David firstborn in Ps. 89:27, yet he was the youngest son of Jesse.)


2. There are no passages in the Bible identifying Jesus as Michael.

Challenge the JW to show you one verse that says Jesus is Michael.


3. Jesus is Almighty Creator God.

Colossians 1:16-17; 2:9; ; Isaiah 44:24; John 20:28; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 1:8-10; Revelation 22:13 with 1:7-8; Revelation 2:8 with Isaiah 44:6.


(Note: The Watchtower has their own distorted translation called the New World Translation where it says Jesus created “all [other] things” in Col. 1:16. They inserted ‘other’ 4 times, because as originally read without this added word, the passage actually announces Jesus as Creator. Also notice that Isaiah 44:24 teaches there is only one Creator identified as God.)


4. Jesus rose bodily from the dead.

Check out: John 2:18-22; Luke 24:36—46; John 20:27-29.



The Watchtower

Teaches About the Holy Spirit


1. The Holy Spirit is not a person.


“The holy spirit is not a person.”

[From "Bible Teachings - What Is the Holy Spirit?"]


2. The Holy Spirit is not God.


“This spirit is not God himself but a force that God sends forth, or uses, to accomplish whatever he wishes.”

[From, “The Watchtower—2002 - May 15”]



The Bible Teaches

About the Holy Spirit


1. The Holy Spirit has personality.

1 Timothy 4:1; Acts 8:29, 13:2-4 (communicates expressly); John 16:13 (hears); John 14:16-21; Acts 9:31 (helps/comforts); John 16:13; Romans 8:14 (leads); Romans 8:26 (intercedes in prayer); John 14:26 (teaches); Acts 13:2-4 (sends); Ephesians 4:30 (grieves); Acts 5:3 (can be lied to)


2. The Holy Spirit is God.

Romans 8:11 (raises the dead); Genesis 1:2; Acts 5:3-5, 9-10 (gives/takes life); Romans 8:15; Ephesians 1:13-14 (adopts/seals children of God); 1 Corinthians 6:11; 1 Peter 1:2 (justifies/sanctifies); Matthew 12:31-32 (cf.  with) Acts 10:38-40a (can be blasphemed)


(Note: Acts 5:3-4 shows lying to the Holy Spirit is the same as lying to God)


The Watchtower Teaches

About Salvation


1. Water baptism by the Watchtower Organization is essential for salvation.


“Water baptism is a requirement for all who want to have a relationship with Jehovah God.”

[From “What Does the Bible Really Teach?” Chapter 18, p. 175]


2. You must work before qualifying for baptism.


Watchtower elders "will let you know that you qualify to share in the field ministry as an unbaptized publisher of the good news.... Some other steps must be taken before you qualify for baptism.... Before you can get baptized, then, doing Jehovah God’s will (directed by the Watchtower's Governing Body) must be your main purpose in life." (Bracket added. See "Good News From God!", p. 29)

[From “What Does the Bible Really Teach?” Chapter 18, pp. 177-179]


The Bible Teaches

About Salvation


1. Salvation cannot be earned. It is God’s free gift.

Matthew 19:25-26; Ephesians 2:8-9; Galatians 2:16; Acts 8:26-40 (Read how the Ethiopian was baptized prior to works)


2. We can become children of God solely through a personal relationship with Jesus. Not through works.


For through him (Jesus) we both have access in one Spirit to the Father. (Ephesians 2:18)


But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name. (John 1:12)


Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me." (John 14:6)